超星尔雅学习通题库

2019上网课西方文论原典导读章节检测参考答案

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Lecture 1

1

_____created the world famous Athens school.

A、Socrates

B、Plato

C、Aristotle

正确答案:B

2

Socrates’ theory is mainly organized by whom?

A、Plato

B、Aristotle

C、Thales

正确答案:A

3

Ion as a poet, what did he sing when he won the laurel?

A、tragedy

B、homeric

C、comedy

正确答案:B

4

Socrates said that when the inspiration came, the poets will sink into ____.

A、melancholy

B、anger

C、ecstasy

正确答案:C

5

In Ion Socrates stressed that the inspiration of the poets comes from the ____.

A、gods

B、heart

C、experience

正确答案:A

6

_____ said “I am the midwive of philosophy”.

A、Socrates

B、Plato

C、Aristotle

正确答案:A

7

Who was the first to pick out eidos?

A、Socrates

B、Plato

C、Aristotle

正确答案:B

8

What is subject matter of Ion?

A、Wealth

B、Knowledge

C、Inspiration

正确答案:C

9

Three sages of Ancient Greece are Plato,_____and Aristotle.

A、Protagoras

B、Socrates

C、Homer

正确答案:B

10

Plato use the _____ to explain the relationship between art and idea.

A、bed

B、table

C、bookshelf

正确答案:A







Lecture 2

1

Aristotle’s poetics was valued in the history of western literary criticism from _____century in France.

A、13th

B、14th

C、15th

正确答案:C

2

Until Aristotle, the concept of _____ has been adressed explicitly.

A、structure

B、system

C、combination

正确答案:B

3

In Aristotle’s view, the core of art is _____.

A、imitation

B、emotion

C、truth

正确答案:A

4

In Aristotle’s words, who is more to the truth than historian?

A、painter

B、poet

C、playwright

正确答案:B

5

_____ is called a Encyclopedia of character in Greek.

A、Socrates

B、Plato

C、Aristotle

正确答案:C

6

Compared with Plato, the biggest character of Aristotle is_____.

A、comprehensiveness

B、scientificty

C、far-reaching

正确答案:A

7

Aristotle thinks types differ from one another in three ways: the means, objects and _____.

A、structure

B、frame

C、manner

正确答案:C

8

Aristotle’s Poetics maining discussed about _____ and epic.

A、tragedy

B、comedy

C、prose

正确答案:A

9

In the poetics, _____ is the goal of the tragedy.

A、plot

B、ethos

C、pathos

正确答案:A

10

Aristotle set up his own schools called _____.

A、lyceum

B、athens

C、freedom

正确答案:A






Lecture 3

1

In_____,Samuel started compiling a dictionary of the Engish language.

A、1747

B、1755

C、1765.0

正确答案:A

2

What’s the attitude on Shakespeare by Samuel Johnson?

A、critical

B、praisable

C、A and B

正确答案:C

3

How to treat the relationship between Johson and classical philosophy.

A、full accepted

B、eclectic

C、rejected

正确答案:B

4

Which work of Sumel that even plexander praised it.

A、london

B、the ider

C、the rambler

正确答案:A

5

Johson considered the shortcoming of Shakespeare is losing of_____.

A、pleasure

B、teaching

C、conflict

正确答案:B

6

In_____ Jhnson finally published essays of Shakespeare’s plays.

A、1755

B、1765

C、1775.0

正确答案:B

7

Samuel Johnson was known in review of _____.

A、Homer

B、Shakespeare

C、Plato

正确答案:B

8

Characteristics of Johson’s theory on Shakespeare is_____.

A、not persistent

B、straightforward

C、obscare

正确答案:A

9

_____ is a friend and biographyer for Samuel.

A、James Boswell

B、David Garrick

C、Edward Cave

正确答案:A

10

Which work is written by Samuel?

A、Words and objects

B、The vanity of human wishes

C、Panopticon

正确答案:B






Lecture 4

1

How does Wordsworth think about the relationship between Poetic language and Prose language?

A、no essential difference

B、unrelated

C、mutually exclusive

正确答案:A

2

Wordsworth compares poetry to_____ when he talked about the function of poetry.

A、prism

B、bed

C、weapon

正确答案:B

3

Wordsworth gained his reputation among chinese scholars by “Poetry is the nature explession of _____”.

A、strong emotions

B、external stimuli

C、language structure

正确答案:A

4

In the Mirror and the lamp, wordsworth is concluded as a representative of _____ theories.

A、expressive

B、romantic

C、emotional

正确答案:A

5

Which book is the representative work of english romantic movement?

A、Lyrical Ballads(1798)

B、Lyrical Ballads(1800)

C、Beside the tintern abbey

正确答案:A

6

There are two themes of poetry in Wordsworth’s view_____ and the feeling of the common people.

A、village

B、city

C、nature

正确答案:C

7

In what year that wordsworth published his Preface to Lyrical Ballads.

A、1798

B、1800

C、1802.0

正确答案:B

8

Wordsworth’s philosophical views almost come from _____.

A、theory of evolution

B、the apocalypse of nature

C、coleridge

正确答案:B

9

Wordsworth, Coleridgo and southey are called _____.

A、lake poets

B、literature three

C、absurdist poets

正确答案:A

10

Which work was published by Wordsworth’s widow after his death.

A、Lyrical Ballads

B、The prelude

C、Solitary Reaper

正确答案:B

11

From the aspect of words, it emphasized words____.

A、close to life

B、unnatural

C、classical

正确答案:C

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Lecture 5

1

Which work is not written by Taine.

A、The philosophy of art

B、The ideal in art

C、Biographia literaria


2

Taine’s theory enlightened people to pay close attention to _____ factors of art in his time.

A、external

B、internal

C、structural


3

The 3 aspects by Taine are the race, the _____ and the epoch.

A、population

B、polity

C、surroundings


4

Taine believed that literary studies should be based on the ____ vision.

A、scientific

B、historical

C、realistic


5

Which is not the origin of Taine’s theory in a literary perspective?

A、Sainte-beuve

B、Madame de steal

C、Rousseau


6

Taine is called as “critics of _____”.

A、Napoleon

B、Charlie

C、Hitler


7

In Taine’s first aspect, which country makes philosophers.

A、France

B、England

C、Germany


8

Which method in 19th century made a great influence on Taine’s theory?

A、scientific method

B、historical method

C、artistic method


9

In the race,circumstance,and epoch,which is the acquired momentum.

A、race

B、circumstance

C、epoch


10

In Taine’s view, race is closely related to _____.

A、hereditary

B、individuality

C、diversity


11

Taine’s theory of surroundings,shows that he thinks the world_____.

A、is diversified

B、has a whole relationship

C、has different elements









Lecture 6

1

Wilde produced _____ social comedies in the early 1890s.

A、three

B、four

C、five


2

In the novel,Dorian Gray’s life can be summarized as _____.

A、double life

B、empty life

C、immoral life


3

The novel we learned in this class presents Wilder’s views of _____.

A、aestheticism

B、romanticism

C、impressionism


4

The novel tells us that we should find the balance of beauty and _____.

A、ideal

B、morality

C、literature


5

Which drama is created by Oscar Wilde?

A、the comedy of Errors

B、Much ado about nothing

C、Salome


6

Wilde’s last work is _____.

A、The ballad of reading caol

B、Salome

C、De profundis


7

In Wilde’s novel,how does he think the relationship between art and life?

A、they are equal

B、art is higher

C、life is higher


8

Which work is written by Wilde in prison?

A、A ideal husband

B、Vera

C、De profundis


9

Oscar Wilde is called “Prince of _____”.

A、Prose

B、Fairytales

C、Fiction


10

In the class, the preface we read is written for which book?

A、The happy prince

B、the picture of Dorian Gray

C、A house of Pomegranates





Lecture 7

1

Who is called as “the father of psychoanolysis” _____.

A、Jung

B、Freud

C、Darwin


2

Freud mainly analyzes through _____ and talks about human mind.

A、scientific pattern

B、dynamic structure

C、inner emotion


3

In the class about libido,Freud talked _____tiers in people’s mind.

A、three

B、four

C、five


4

Freud provided a new research method, what is it?

A、psycho-analysis

B、analogy analysis

C、external analysis


5

The Oedipus complex describes a child’s sexual desire for his _____.

A、oppositesex parents

B、oppositesex sisters

C、oppositesex brothers


6

According to the exmple we talked about interpretation of preams, which animal be used to suggest sexual repression.

A、wolf

B、snake

C、cat


7

In Freud’s view, literature had its origin in _____ of human .

A、reaction

B、sexual desire

C、behavior


8

Does Freud believe that a person’s development is determined by genetic factors.

A、yes

B、no

C、not clear


9

Freud called a force can promote Ego to transform into other forms as_____.

A、Eros

B、libido

C、supergo


10

Freud divided human development into _____stages.

A、five

B、six

C、four







Lecture 8

1

Eliot considered tradtion a _____ awareness.

A、historical

B、geography

C、classical


2

Eliot thinks that the most attractive part in one’s work should be _____.

A、the essence of tradition

B、the blueprint for the future

C、reflections on history


3

What does Eliot think of about “personality”.

A、simple individual

B、personal emotion and experience

C、unique character


4

Eliot thinks that emotions in poems should be _____.

A、impersonal

B、personal

C、complicated


5

The sentence”involves a perception, not only the pastness of the past,but of its presence” guide us to have a_____sense.

A、integrated

B、inherited

C、historical


6

In Eliot’s view, he suggested poets were like _____.

A、onlooker

B、catalysts

C、master


7

Which year that Eliot acquired the Nobel prize.

A、1944

B、1945

C、1946


8

How style we can see in Eliot’s theories?

A、academic

B、romantic

C、realist


9

In Eliot’s view, how do poets transform his emotion into literary works.

A、directly

B、creative

C、opponent


10

Which work is created by Eliot?

A、The sunset

B、Lines

C、The waste land








Lecture 9

1

Empson’s criticism mainly focused on the interpretation of _____.

A、english classical literature

B、english realist literature

C、english modernist literature


2

Which tepe happen when the author discovers his idea in the act of writing.

A、the forth

B、the fifth

C、the sixth


3

There are how many tupes of ambiguity summary by Empson?

A、six

B、seven

C、eight


4

Ambiguity tells us to explain the ____of language.

A、unity

B、astringent

C、polysemy


5

We can called the first type of ambiguity as _____.

A、metaphor

B、comparison

C、symbol


6

For which type that Empson talked about the double entendre?

A、the third

B、the fifth

C、the seventh


7

Empson’s Ambiguity discussed the _____ of literary creation.

A、uncertainty

B、mystery

C、difficulty


8

How many times did Empson come to China?

A、once

B、twice

C、three times


9

Empson initally found his talents in which subject?

A、chemistry

B、mathematics

C、physical


10

Empson’s writing has a _____ style.

A、obscure

B、rigorous

C、proficient









Lecture 10

1

In Epic and Novel,Bakhtin thinks that _____can link the contemporary reality.

A、Novel

B、Epic

C、A and B


2

In the Rabelais and his world, Bakhtin defined carnival ad a _____.

A、telepathy

B、interpersonal relationship

C、social mechanism


3

Who has a similar identity to Bakhtin?

A、Shklovsky

B、Foucault

C、Eliot


4

Bakhtin was exiled into Siberia in the _____.

A、1920s

B、1930s

C、1940s


5

Bakhtin’s achievement can be included into 3 points: theory of _____, theory of dialogue, theory of carnivalization.

A、multiplicity

B、polyphony

C、communication


6

According to Bakhtin,_____is the only into an incomplete state.

A、Novel

B、Epic

C、Drama


7

In which year that Bakhtin’s first major work published.

A、1920

B、1924

C、1929


8

Whose novels were selected to explain Bakhtin’s theories?

A、Tolstoy’s

B、Gorky’s

C、Dostoevsky’s


9

In which work, Bakhtin firstly put forward the theory of polyphony.

A、Problems of Dostoyevski’s poetics

B、Rabelais and his worle

C、The dialogic imagination


10

In bakhtin’s view on literary style, he divided it into two styles _____and novels.

A、epics

B、poetry

C、prose







Lecture 11

1

The Mimetic theory first appeared in _____.

A、Aristotle’s poetics

B、Homeric

C、Plato’s dialogue


2

In the pragmatic theory,poetry’s affects in audiences only as a means end of ____

A、teaching

B、pleasing

C、imitating


3

Which theory concluded those objective perspectives in western literar theory well.

A、the pragmatic theory

B、the expressive theory

C、the mimetic theory


4

The classical model of rhetoric to discuss poetry was ____.

A、Aristotle

B、Horace

C、Plato


5

_____is generally considered the main aesthetic model of the western world.

A、the pragmatic theory

B、the expressive theory

C、the mimetic theory


6

Abrams is a famous literary critic for _____ literature.

A、romantic

B、realist

C、aestheticism


7

In the Mirror and the Lamp, Abrams put forward the four factors of literture: universe, _____, artist and audience.

A、work

B、object

C、subject


8

The expressive theory stresses the effect of _____.

A、objective world

B、poet’s mind

C、reader feedback


9

Abrams thinks that post-renaissance critics is primarily oriented,not from work to universe,but from work to _____.

A、artist

B、audience

C、A and B


10

In Abrams’s words, the relationship of art works and universe was concluded as the _____theory.

A、pragmatic

B、mimetic

C、expressive








Lecture 12

1

Content and _____are the two sides of concept.

A、interpretation

B、form

C、transparence


2

In Against interoretation, interpretation is the revenge of the _____ upon art.

A、intellect

B、spirit

C、people


3

How interpretation did Sontag against?

A、singular interpretation

B、plural interpretation

C、hermeneutics


4

Sontag opposed that modern takes too much interpretation attention on the ____and significance.

A、content

B、form

C、background


5

Which work is Sontag’s last novel?

A、The volcano lover

B、In America

C、On photography


6

The “New Sensibility” stresses art brings the most _____feeling to people.

A、original

B、strong

C、incredible


7

How do we understand the relationship between Against interpretation and the hermeneutics?

A、opposite

B、alternative

C、similar


8

A mental representation of the meaning or significance of something is called as_____.

A、interpretation

B、content

C、form


9

Sontag divided the article into _____sections.

A、nine

B、ten

C、eleven


10

Sontag thinks that _____is the highest,most liberating value in art, and in criticism today.

A、interpretation

B、form

C、transparence








Lecture 13

1

Jauss and ____ established the knonstanz school.

A、Isere

B、Esslingen

C、Geslingen


2

Jauss’s theory is interested more in_____.

A、public readers

B、single reader

C、writing background


3

Jauss put forward a method for reconstruction of literary history is reconstructing the _____posion.

A、author’s

B、reader’s

C、work’s


4

A key word about how history affects the way we read a book can be called_____.

A、mutative history

B、impact history

C、complex history


5

In Jauss’s view on rewriting the literary history, how many topics did he talk?

A、five

B、six

C、seven


6

In Jauss’s theory,Horizon of change should be understanded with Aesthetic distance and _____.

A、fusion of horizons

B、reader experience

C、objective factor


7

The theory by Jauss and Iser is the first time _____ are seen as core in literary research.

A、works

B、readers

C、authors


8

Which work is the origin of proposing reception aesthetics.

A、The change of literary paradigm

B、.Literary history as a challenge to literary theory

C、Aesthetic experience and literary hermeneutics


9

_____is the most essential concept of Jauss’s theory.

A、Horizon of change

B、Aesthetic distance

C、Horizon of expectation


10

Jauss and Iser were called as the binary star of _____.

A、receptional aesthetic

B、interactive aesthetic

C、comparative aesthetic








Lecture 14

1

We orientals are often ignorant of the west, what is the reason?

A、western centralism

B、lack of communication

C、historical legacy


2

Generally speaking,Edward said was regaraded as a theoretician of _____.

A、post-structuralism

B、postcolonialism

C、deconstruction


3

Though Said talks about the culture, he quoted a variety of ____.

A、historical data

B、theoretical works

C、literary books


4

The third definition of orientalism by Said is _____.

A、of the academic field

B、as a discourse of power

C、as a discourse pattern


5

The theory of Said has its origins in theory of _____and theory of Antonio Gramsci.

A、Foucault

B、Derrida

C、Spivak


6

Edward Said gained his worldwide reputation in _____university as well.

A、Columbia

B、Oxford

C、Cambridge


7

In the western tradition,the orientals characters are always _____.

A、ugly

B、plumpish

C、proud


8

Said’s perspective focuses on the identity of his own ,so he hardly mentioned ____in Orientalism

A、the far east

B、the near east

C、the middle east


9

Which book is not written by Said?

A、Orientalism

B、Culture and imperialism

C、Course in Greneral Linguistics


10

How many meanings did Said put forward of Orientatism in his book.

A、two

B、three

C、four